there are Still a lot of people surprised because Madrid has been partially closed to traffic for today, the 29th of December, but if you look at allende our borders, we will see that an idea is very little novel. In several european cities you will find different traffic restrictions for reasons medioambientale, and outside the old continent, also.
Such measures are, making a summary, charging for access to specific areas or central a toll, low-emission zones (where limited to the circulation of the most polluting) or constraints specific for high pollution. In his time, these measures, when implemented, generated no little controversy, was the effect of novelty.
To the american readers not caught by surprise to the alternate circulation by registration number. For years various cities of the subcontinent do so, as Santiago de Chile (Chile), Quito (Ecuador), Bogota (Colombia) and Sao Paulo (Brazil). For example, in Bogotá the circulation prohibited is paid off with a fine, detention, and removal of the reservoir municipal. Madrid are 45 euros paying the fine in 15 days.
Let’s look at some examples that are more detailed in major cities:
Westminster, London – Photography: Hernan Piñera (Flickr, Creative Commons BY-SA)
Since 2008, the vehicles that want to access the central area of the city must pay a toll, unless they are exempted vehicles. There are barriers blocking the way for those who do not pay. The reason is environmental, London does not meet the limit of oxides of nitrogen from 2010.
later on it will expand the size of the area of low emissions, leaving out the models that pollute more, or forcing them to pay a fee. The toll will be gradually replaced by cameras, radars, iran by pulling out fines automatically to the offenders, as happens in the APR of Madrid.
to Exist already a traffic ban for 12 hours a day for models of more than 20 years who do not have exemption for any reason, the parisians have already seen what is an alternate circulation by registration number. The differential factor is that it compensates for with a high cost, by using free public transport.
Alone in December have already had restrictions of the circulatory system 6 to 10 and the 17. The effectiveness of the measure is doubtful, according to a report by the French Parliament, as it only reduced the pollution by 6% in relation to particles and 10% in terms of oxides of nitrogen, according to the data of a contamination episode of 2014.
This city, is very extensive in surface area but with low density of population, there are areas where you can only access the cleaner vehicles using low-emission zones or Umweltzone. All vehicles German circulating with a sticker that identifies their level of approval.
In the future shall not be granted for traffic licenses to vehicles that are not zero emissions -we’re talking 2030 – but the change will improve the public transport network (trains, underground and trams) and mobility on a bike with more bike lanes.
As several Italian cities, has had episodes of high pollution, so that has limited the movement by the type-approval of vehicles, not registration. For 12 hours per day have not been able to circular the models that did not meet at least the normative Euro 3, that is to say, from 2001. In this city the traffic is absolute chaos usually.
Parallel to this, Rome has imposed “Sunday green”, during which they close the traffic from 7:30 to 20:30 with very few exceptions: – approved to Euro 6, gas, hybrid or electric. The bulk of the fleet is standing still. The first has taken place this month, the other three will take place at the end of January, February and march.
The capital of China, home to 21 million of souls, is beginning to take seriously the huge problem of air pollution that suffers. In addition to limiting the industrial activity, or the works, in the working days from 7 to 20 hours of non-access to the city or roads with vehicles of provinces outside, and there are alternate circulation registration.
The problem of this city is understood with ease: the number of cars has grown too fast and regulations, anti-pollution lead to a delay of more than 10 years, compared to Europe. If we look at other city overcrowded, as is Tokyo, the air quality is very higher, because the environmental standards are much more stringent and the growth of the park has been more controlled over the years.