Photo: Miriam Perez (Flickr) CC BY ND
The capital has sensibly reduced its pollution over the past year, according to a report by the NGO Ecologists in Action, on the basis of the data of the city Council. The city has 24 stations that measure air quality. much remains to be done, and during 2016 we checked the impact of some measures previously unpublished, such as closing the city to traffic.
According to the data collected, 9 of the stations exceeded the legal limit on annual of 40 micrograms/cubic meter of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and of these, 4 exceeded the time limit, that is to say, more than 18 hours complete with 200 µg/m3 for this pollutant. most of these gases are due to the diesel engines, and due to the picaresque of the manufacturers, has not dropped all that should be your amount even in new models.
This may be changing slowly with measures that have already proven their effectiveness, let’s look at some:
Citroën C-Zero of emov
The revolution of shared cars
rental services for minutes of Car2Go and emov are getting closer to the locals the use of electric cars, during the time that they need, without worrying about parking spaces or parking meters. With its distinctive “zero-emission” can be parked on any square, blue or green, without pay, and move around the city even in episodes of high pollution.
This transportation system is similar in approach to that of the bikes BiciMAD, but with cars. The smart fortwo ev and Citroën C-Zero of these services are very compact and are parked with ease, suitable for two or four occupants. It is currently not allowed to park them outside the M-30. The number of parties interested in these services is high, emov received 50.000 high in three weeks.
A bus can accommodate all passengers that can fit 15 cars, occupying the space of 3 of them
free public Transport
In scenarios 3 and 4 of high contamination, which limit the movement within the central core and the own M-30, the city shall pay with their budgets, the reinforcement of bus lines, at no cost to travelers. This wants to encourage the public transport and make things easier for those who on that day may not use your car.
The suburban and the Suburban trains will not be free, although you can receive reinforcements at frequencies to cope with a volume of travellers that does not normally use its services. With a very clear car, buses are much faster and efficient in the delivery of their service.
Avoid the picaresque of the plates
When movement is restricted to 50% of tuition fees, which have odd or even may move or not, according to the day of the week. You have to put in place mechanisms for to avoid that there are people that buy a second car to circumvent the ban, it is preferable to have a single vehicle, but that is of low emissions, converted to gas, hybrid or electric.
These days is announcing an offer, dozens of registered vehicles so that the customer can choose to pleasure a odd or a couple, as registering a new car you can not choose number. These practices do not help to reduce the pollution, although fortunately it is not something within the reach of anyone.
Future locations of park and ride facilities in Madrid
More park and ride facilities
In July of last year we announced the construction of 12 park and ride facilities, at a cost of usage very low or zero, close to public transport nodes. Will entail an investment of 140 million euros in two phases, in the first you are going to create 7.142 squares, and in the second, 2.428 squares. The City of Madrid will work with the CAM, Ministry of public works and the public transportation system to streamline the entire process.
The locations of these car parks will be the following: Aviation, Spanish (A-5), Canillejas (A-2), Colony Gardens (M-502/M-511), Olympic Stadium (A-2), the Source of the Mora (M-40), Paco de Lucía (M-40), Pitis (M-40), San Cristobal (A-4), Santa Eugenia (A-3), Valdebebas (M-11), Villaverde Alto (A-42) and Villaverde Bajo Cruce (A-4). will Not be in time for this year.
no longer only serve the criterion of occupation, there will be days that the stickers are more useful
Bus Lanes HOV
After years in operating the rail (actually two) Bus-HOV, intended for high-occupancy vehicle, the extent is to extend to the a-2 and A-5, but with a work much less expensive, taking advantage of the existing infrastructure. With lanes of variable signaling will benefit the buses, to make public transport more attractive and get cars out of jams.
on the other hand, the Bus-VAO of the A-6 may be used in certain circumstances, by the vehicles of lower emissions. Currently it can be used for models of emission 0 (electric and plug-in hybrids) though they will not two people, but it’s going to extend to hybrid normal, gas, or even gasoline or diesel to be the cleanest. If you include the latter, the measure will not be as effective, because it will benefit those who can buy a car more modern.