Alfa Romeo 16C Bimotore: the first Ferrari in history had two engines and was a failure

The first Ferrari history – manufactured entirely by Ferrari – was produced in the late 40s of last century. However, Enzo Ferrari already had experience in building very fast cars, and some consider Alfa Romeo 16C Bimotore in 1935 as the first Ferrari ever. And I feel throw yourself as soon as a spoiler, but failed sounded at the time. However, it was a machine that left gaping and sundry, with a story that deserves to be told, no doubt.

There was once a Alfa Romeo two engines stuck

swept Germany in the Grand Prix of the 30 since 1934.

Enzo Ferrari was no “youngster”. Il Commendatore was during the 30s of the last century the director of the competition arm of Alfa Romeo , which was christened by the name Scuderia Ferrari Enzo. The year was 1934, and German machinery began to dominate the major European awards , with funds supplied by Hitler for the technical development of Germany. What was once Italy was now Germany. Alfa Romeo wanted to regain its glory, and started “16C” project in the hands of Enzo Ferrari.

Enzo Ferrari and his chief engineer – the great Luigi Bazzi – embarked on a unique project with 30 of the best engineers in Italy. They on the basis of a type P3 Alfa Romeo 8C, created a beast driven by two engines of eight cylinders in line, turbocharged. The idea was to create a beast of 16 cylinders capable of competing with the best of Germany , the lightning-fast Silver Arrows Auto Union and Mercedes. He began by extending the battle 8C to 2,800 mm, for a total length of 4.20 meters.

Bimotore The problem was an excessive appetite for tires and fuel.

In the front of the supercharged eight-cylinder engine and 2.9 liters remained. After the pilot, another twin engine was installed. It is said that the cost of developing a V16 was too high and would not have had time to get the car ready for the season of 1935. The motor located on the rear of the car, transmitting their power to it manual gearbox 3-relations that the front engine by a second shaft, eliminating the need for dual controls or wheel drive systems.

The first version of the Alfa Romeo 16C Bimotore developed combined power of 510 hp, but soon Ferrari chose to increase the displacement of each engine to 3.1 liters. Each propeller developed supercharged 270 hp at 5,400 rpm, offering a total power of 540 hp . With more than 1,200 Nm of torque combined and 6.3 liters of total power, this beast had an addiction problem drinking. Two huge tanks of at least 100 liters were installed, one on each side of the car.

In Avus, the Bimotore had to pit after just two laps to refuel.

The weight was a problem. weighed 1,030 kg , which did not meet the rule that required the car then weigh a maximum of 750 kilos to compete in all European GP championship. But Alfa Romeo did not care, because the car was designed to beat the Germans in the events called “Formula Libre” . Three grands prix in Tripoli, Tunisia and the peculiar Avus circuit in Germany. The Mercedes W25 and Auto Union Type A were less powerful cars, but instead much lighter.

The Bimotore tires and fuel consumed by a voracious appetite, and constant pit stops required got in any Grand Prix exceeded the fourth position, with the constant domain of the Germans. When she could not compete, the Scuderia Ferrari decided to use the car to beat speed records. With slight aerodynamic modifications, achieved with Tazio Nuvolari at the wheel reach no less than 364 km / h on the Autostrada Florence. A record that lasted just one year.

Despite being a relative failure, was the first car to bear the name Scuderia Ferrari logo and served Enzo Ferrari to learn many lessons in engineering and competition. Only one of the two units built survives today.

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Source: AtlasF1
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