Today is June 24, 2016. That means that it does exactly 106 years was born a major car manufacturer: Alfa Romeo. Although in its foundation in the year 1910, it was not known as at the present time, but that was established with the name of Anonima Lombarda Fabrica Automobili (A. L. F. A.). Adopted two symbols that endure today: the red cross on a white field and the Biscione (snake on a blue background), both in reference to Milan, the city where he was born.
The Italian brand was the property of the state fund Istituto per la Rehabilitation Industriale between the years 1932 and 1986. Subsequently, in 1987, would go on to form part of the Fiat Group and today it is a part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA). In its 106-year anniversary we wanted to to make a collection with some of the most significant vehicles along the history. Although stay with all, we have chosen one for each decade.
1910-1920: A. L. F. A 24 HP
A. L. F. A 24 HP deserves to be on this list, among other things, because it is the first car manufactured by the Italian brand. It was produced between 1910 and 1913 in the factory in Portello (Milan), where they made some 200 units in this period. It was designed by Giuseppe Merosi and had a four-cylinder engine in line with 4.1 liter displacement and side valve. The first units had 42 HP and reached 100 km/h, though later it would increase the power to 45 HP. He contested the Targa Florio in 1911 and was replaced in 1914 by the A. L. F. TO 20/30 HP.
1920-1930: Alfa Romeo RL
Alfa Romeo RL was the first sports model of the Italian brand after the First World War. It also was the work of Giuseppe Merosi, and there were a few 2.640 units between the years 1922 and 1927. Formed part of a six-cylinder engine in line, which in its different versions was from 2.9 liters to 3.6 liters. Were built three variants: RL Normale, RL Tourism and the RL Sport. It also gave rise to a racing version, the Alfa Romeo RL Targa Florio, a more powerful and lighter than the normal and comes from the Quadrifoglio Verde that arrives until our days.
1930-1940: Alfa Romeo 8C
Alfa Romeo 8C was one of the protagonists of the decade of the 30. This car was designed by Vittorio Jano and its name refers directly to the cylinders of your mechanics. This two-seater that was sold from 1931 until 1939, incorporating a new engine eight-cylinder in-line and is sold with different displacements in this decade. Started by the 8C 2300 (2.3-liter), and was followed by the 8C 2600 (2.6 liters) and the 8C 2900 (2.9 liters). There were also several versions used in competition as the P3 Monoposto – Type B, which was one of the first cars. In 2007, it recovered the name with a model that we will discuss later.
1940-1950s: Alfa Romeo 6C
During the years of the Second World War, the automobile industry came to a standstill and in Alpha it would happen the same thing. However, during this decade, we highlight the Alfa Romeo 6C, a model that came from the 30s but continued to be developed in 40. The name also speaks of their cylinders and thus all of their variants kitted out a six-cylinder in-line. There were quite a few versions, starting with the 6C 1500, going for the 6C 1750, 1900 and 2300. Although after the war the protagonist was the 6C 2500, with 2.5-liter displacement and power greater than 100 HP in some cases. There were also some versions of competition.
1950-1960: Alfa Romeo Giulietta
We went to the 50’s with an old acquaintance, the Alfa Romeo Giulietta. This model was very successful for the Italian brand and they make over 175,000 units between the years 1955 and 1965. Had three different versions: Giulietta Sprint (coupe), Giulietta Berlina and Giulietta Spider (convertible). As a curiosity, each one produced in a factory different. All introduced engines four cylinder in-line 1.3-liter. The powers ranged from the 53 HP in the Sedan up to the 100 HP of the special edition Sprint Speciale. It was the other models who took the name to give life to the current compact.
1960-1970: Alfa Romeo Giulia
In 1962 appeared another model for the story, the Alfa Romeo Giulia. It was the successor to the Giulietta and also had different versions throughout his life. Is presented in form of saloon, although later on came the Giulia Sprint or Giulia Sprint Speciale. All used engines four cylinder in-line with the 1.3 or 1.6 litres, although later on will mechanical larger. Starting from its basis also appeared on some versions of competition as the Giulia SZ, with a tubular chassis and design of Zagato. In 2015 it is revived its name with the current vehicle that we will see later.
1970-1980: Alfa Romeo Alfasud
Alfa Romeo Alfasud was the first compact model of the Italian brand. Was born in 1971 as a sedan, but in 1976, to be presented to the coupe version which was known by the name of Alfasud Sprint. It was a big success for the Italian brand and in its nearly two decades in the market were sold almost 900,000 units of this model. Riding engine boxer four-cylinder between the 1.2-liter and 1.5-liter displacement. Started from the 63 HP, though later it was increasing to the 105 CV Quadrifoglio Verde.
1980-1990: Alfa Romeo 75
Alfa Romeo 75 also deserves a niche in this list, since that was the last model of the brand before moving on to form part of Fiat. Is marketed between 1985 and 1992 and was quite successful, since in its first three years of life were sold 236.907 units. Its name comes from the 75th anniversary of the brand, and was the successor of the Giulietta, so that it shared some components with it. It was launched with petrol engines of four-cylinders from 1.6 to 2.0 litres. There was also a pair of V6 engines of 2.5 and 3.0 litres for the QV, with 192 HP.
1990-2000: Alfa Romeo 156
At the end of the decade of the 90’s, specifically in 1997 was presented the Alfa Romeo 156. This vehicle was designed by Walter da Silva (author of some of the Volkswagen today), and he received the award Car of the Year in Europe in 1998. The successor to the 155 introduced quite a few novelties, among them the diesel injection common-rail, currently employed by almost all of the diesel, or the manual gearbox sequential, called Selespeed. Although he was born as a saloon, in the year 2000 was presented the version family 156 Sportwagon, and also a 156 Crosswagon with all-wheel drive. Received a full range of motors that turned him into an attractive option.
2000-2010: the Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione
Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione was presented at the iaa in Frankfurt in 2003, although not commercialized until the year 2007. This sport takes its name from the mythical model of the 30’s, was designed by Wolfgang Egger and was surprised by its classic lines and attractive. With rear-wheel drive, uses a V8 engine of 4.7 liters of source Maserati delivery 450 HP and 480 Nm of torque. Later would come the convertible version 8C Spider. This model with carbon fiber body participated in several endurance races in 2008. It was a model very exclusive, as it is only manufactured 500 units.
2010-2016: Alfa Romeo Giulia
Alfa Romeo Giulia needs no introduction. The sedan segment D was one of the releases of the year 2015 and the first units are already arriving at the market. At the beginning we met the Giulia QV), the sports version with the engine V6 source Ferrari with 510 HP. Subsequently presented the rest of the range, and just last week we had the opportunity to try the diesel version of 150 HP. We were able to see first-hand their arguments, which begin with an improvement in the quality. Sure this model will be one of the references of Alfa Romeo into the future.