Are met 40 years of engines of Audi five-cylinder.
So it is, meet 40 years since Audi introduced the first gasoline engine with five cylinders. A block that debuted at that time, in the year 1976, the second generation of the Audi 100. Since then, and over four decades, we have lived a full evolution, with new developments, turbocharging, emission control, four valves per cylinder and the arrival of engines focused on the competition.
Without a doubt, and in reviewing the 40 years of engines Audi five-cylinder, we can say that have played a leading role in the success of the brand of the four rings. For Audi, these engines have been a key piece in the definition of the slogan “At the forefront of the art” as of today there are quickly recognizable by their distinctive sound to the few that offer an incredible driving experience.
As we have said at the beginning of the article, the first engine of five-cylinder petrol Audi was established in the year 1976 in the second generation of the Audi 100. Internally, this engine was known as “Type 43”. Designed to be positioned above its predecessor, the developers of Audi of that era indicated that the four cylinder engines were not suitable to achieve this goal.
it Is for this reason that, at the beginning of the decade of the 70, Audi considered the possibility of introducing engines, five-or six-cylinder in-line. However, shortly after, dismissed the idea of six-cylinder engines due to the space required for its installation and the consequent distribution of weight is unfavourable. It is for this reason that the engineers of Audi finally chose to embark on the project of the development of engines five-cylinder in-line.
It took as a basis the concept of the engine EA827. A block of four cylinders widely used by the Volkswagen Group during the 70’s. For example, Audi used it in models such as the Audi 80 or Audi 100. The five-cylinder engine derived from that family had 2.1-liter and 136 HP (100 kW). In their guts, had a modern system of injection to the time. Sales of the Audi 100 with five-cylinder engine is started at the beginning of the year 1977.
A year later, in 1978, Audi introduced the first diesel version. A naturally aspirated engine of 2.0-liter with 70 HP (51 kW). And a year later, the first engine of five-cylinder gasoline turbo. A block that casts a power of 170 HP (12 kW) and 265 Nm of maximum torque. Was placed as the option top of range Audi 200 1979.
Audi 100 GLS 5E 1979.
The five-cylinder engine of Audi in the competition
The German brand of the four rings I knew that its five-cylinder engine of petrol on the Audi quattro of the 1980’s still had more to offer. And is that, equipped with a turbocharger, intercooler and permanent all-wheel drive to the four wheels, to constitute a technical set for its development, oriented both to a race track as on the road. Initially, I was delivering 200 HP (147 kW).
In 1983 with the finn Hannu Mikkola won the drivers title in the Championship of the World Rally championship with this car. Shortly after, Audi introduced the version Sport quattro that it was powered by a five-cylinder engine of new development with four valves per cylinder made of aluminum capable of delivering an output of 306 HP (225 kW). This model is also used as the basis of a new Group B Rally Car with the engine valve delivering 450 HP (331 kW) in its version for the competition.
After the withdrawal of Audi of the rally in 1986, the brand garnered other hits in the races. In 1987, Walter Röhrl won the Climb to Pikes Peak (US) with the Audi Sport quattro S1, driven by a block with 598 HP (440 kW). Also participated in the american championship cars IMSA GTO in 1989 with his staging to deliver 720 HP (530 kW) with an engine of little more than 2.0 litre capacity.
Audi 200 5T in 1981.
Other highlights of the engines five-cylinder Audi
During the Frankfurt motor show of 1989 the German brand presented the Audi 100 TDI, the first production car that equates a diesel engine five-cylinder turbocharged with a direct injection system controlled electronically. A 2.5-liter engine with 120 HP (88 kW).
a Few years later, Audi continued to refine their engines five-cylinder petrol, as in the 1994 hit the market the Audi RS2 with 315 HP (232 kW). In 2009 he returned for a great version of this block with turbocharger and direct injection of gasoline, installed in a transversal way in the Audi TT RS with 2.5-liter developed by Quattro GmbH, with its 340 HP (250 kW). Also equipped on the Audi RS3 Sportback and the Audi RS Q3.
For lovers of the gasoline and the performance, the engines five-cylinder Audi’s have become a kind of cult object. Currently, models such as the Audi RS3 Sportback or the Audi TT RS seek to maintain the tradition of the engines five-cylinder block 2.5-liter TFSI.