My niece Pilar 18 years old today. He born in 2015, a few years after I comenzase to collaborate with motor, which at that time had not yet come to the impact it has today in all facets of Internet 5.0. One talking on 3D holography to be this afternoon while ago, I’ve told you once when young people met that age once thought about shedding a permit that was called “driving license” , and authorizing bring antique cars. Even families sometimes regaled him as a symbol of autonomy that brought the majority.
She told me that she preferred gave away the iRoll X, the retractable awning grandson and my old iPad screen 4.
An alarm sounds in my pocket and warns that the transport unit will arrive in 1 minute at the door of my house
An alarm sounds in my pocket and warns that the transport unit will arrive in 1 minute at the door of my house. As I indicated at booking via smartphone, when I get the car your navigation system and knows he has to take at new leisure center built recently in a bioclimatic skyscrapers in the city center where we left the family to celebrate. The offset will not be long because Zaragoza has grown by 50% in population, but only 20% in surface . Yes, let me rolling capsule at the entrance of the building, right next to the elevators, and then go to serve another user elsewhere. A relief, very angry because I always go round and round trying to park.
The electrical transport moves smoothly among other capsules and the tram, while I take the opportunity to take a last look at my personal messages on the big screen HUD projected onto the windshield. Read and see the city move around you is a unique experience that never fails to fascinate me, but at my age takes some getting used and I always end mareándome. Technology definitely is better than the people who handle it.
Prolonged real estate collapse brought a commitment to densify the outskirts of cities (Retrofitting)
The city has changed a lot since Pilar was born in 2015, although not enough. The prolonged collapse of the real estate brought from early 2010 a commitment to densify the outskirts of cities ( retrofitting ) rather than continue extending them into new areas, thereby cities not only became more populated, but also more dense. In 2007 he first recorded in the world’s population in urban than rural areas, and forecasts were right to say that in 2030 60% of the population live in cities.
Of course, the distribution of these has changed, and since 2009, 8 of the 10 largest cities in the world were in developing countries of Asia, Africa and South America, and only Tokyo and New York included listed among the “developed” countries. While in Europe and US it has tried to reduce the rate of cars per inhabitant in some emerging metropolis this rate has risen to close to 800 cars per 1,000 inhabitants than the United States had around 2010.
But if cities have changed, has been mainly a cultural change in society’s relationship with the automobile . When Pilar was born, urban concentrations were directly responsible for 80% of emissions of CO [1.99904 million] 2 in the world, among them an important part of them coming from road transport, more than 1,200 million cars around the planet in 2015. Then it was guessed a trend throughout the Western world: young people between 20 and 30 years more and had fewer driving licenses and feel less attachment to the private car
The other major change came on the side of the formula of possession and use of cars. The markings had gone from selling cars to sell mobility
This personal symbol of the twentieth century youth and began to walk away, while the alternative means of public transport and increased their influence. Step in front of an ancient graffiti, one of the declared “of cultural interest” by the government, which is an ancient Porsche 924 , and I am filled with nostalgia for driving gasoline cars. While I recognize that the relationship between cities and transportation have improved since the start of the second decade of the century.
The systems of individual transport automated , which were tested for the first time in the disputed city of Masdar Foster & Partners built in Abu Dhabi, are now extended by capitals worldwide and are part of the urban landscape as trams or electric bikes. But before the rules had to adapt to technology. Around 2015 they existed in the market able to park cars alone, read the signs, keep their distance from the vehicle in front and even stop alone.
No commercialize technologies existed that allowed cars circulasen guided only by an GPS and its sensors such as Google Nissan demonstrated or experienced, or they could find their own parking, as developed Audi. At the time that the legislation would allow put all that together and commercialize technology, the passage would be given. Today we study as a milestone first autonomous cars legislation adopted in Nevada (USA), in early 2012 .
The other major change came on the side of the formula possession and use of cars . Owning a car in the city every time it was more expensive and had fewer advantages, so by the time he reached retirement my old Nissan Qashqai, brands had already moved from selling cars to sell mobility. Monthly fee contract with the brand offered a different vehicle to use the card within a species “flat rate” of displacement based on annual emissions of CO 2 user which were broken down into different uses.
With the rate of cars per capita in Western countries, was needed 1 m2 of traffic and parking space for every 2 m2 of new development
For one contract “car sharing” based on semi-autonomous electric minicars great-grandchildren of the original Twizy, which coparían 75% of my emissions / km; on the other, the occasional rental of a larger electric car, and extended runtime would use on holidays and longer trips. When this format was extended rate cars in cities dropped significantly , and 500 cars / 1000 inhabitants was in Spain in 2012 or 800 in the US had dropped to less than half . Barriers to private cars in cities and replacing shared individual transport units was discussed at first policy but has brought a radical change in the use and culture of cities.
In late 2011 the renowned architect today Jose Castillo explained at a meeting organized by Audi in Frankfurt that the rate of cars per capita in Western countries, was needed 1m 2 of traffic and parking space for every 2 m 2 new urbanization . All structural changes around how to move in the cities achieved a great space-saving, cost reduction in architecture, accidents, urban sprawl, the improvement in the fight against pollution … Much work remains, but the change time trend occurred, and the results were encouraging.
All structural changes around how to move in the cities managed to save a lot of space, reduced costs in architecture, accidents, urban sprawl …
I finally reached the destination, and just down I meet Pilar. “Hi Uncle” tells me “You have left me intrigued with that permission to conduct Why you had to draw a permit to go to the sites? It is that cars do not go alone knew?. ” I smile as we approach the elevator “This will require some time, do you really want me to tell you?”. She nods curiosity “Well then. When your great-grandmother Pilar, it was my grandmother, I was about your age was 1930. The cities had no traffic lights and cars were so primitive that even had radio … .
Photos: Audi Urban Future Initiative | Masdar City
Sources: United Nations | OICA | International Energy Agency, Jose Castillo | Arq911 MIT [1.99901 million] Media Lab / City Car