If you wanted a benchmark of how much pollution they cause really the car there is not much to choose from. It is much easier to obtain data on energy consumption and CO2 emissions, as these are calculated by a fixed rule between litres consumed and grams cast.
To know how contaminated the cars are needed portable equipment for measuring who swallow gases, analyzed, and released to the environment. The evidence of the ADAC are made in laboratory and road legal speeds, with air conditioning, ballast,… are as similar as possible to the reality.
the score is The sum of two numbers that give a maximum of 50, up to 100 points in total. The more, the better
Without further delay, the list of the cleanest:
1. BMW i3 (33 kWh) – electric (⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐)
The electric German broke many molds when it came out, starting with the design, it looks like a car that comes from the future. Using an architecture very light -and very expensive – carbon-fiber-sheds on the scale 1.320 kg for 170 CV, considering that their batteries weigh a bit more than the basic model. In your class is the most prestacional, without a doubt.
Has a rating of 100 points, the maximum supported by the evidence. It produces No polluting emissions, and is formed with a consumption of 17.4 kWh/100 km, equivalent to 101 g/km CO2 if one considers the electricity consumed in recharging. He is a champion in ecology that you have to take bad with the performance.
2. Toyota Prius – hybrid gasoline (⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐)
In its fourth generation, the Toyota Prius continues to be a benchmark in the category of hybrids, and is the model with internal combustion engine more efficient. Its predecessor achieved in his time the maximum possible score, 90.
The new Prius, which keeps the engine 1.8 VVT-iE, but with several optimizations, is in 94 points. In pollution emissions brought 48/50 points, in CO2 46 points for their 4,1 l/100 km power does not amazes, 122 CV combined, but it is relatively light with 1,450 kg
3. Nissan Leaf (30 kWh) – electric (⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐)
The electric car by excellence since 2010 are going to the third position, since their performance is not so bright. 109 CV have to pull of 1,590 kg, so has the performance of a compact 100 HP or a little less.
Its equivalent emissions of CO2 are 118 g/km, a bit worse than the Prius, with a consumption of 20.5 kWh/100 km In this section brings 44 points, and 50 points in polluting emissions. Tied with the Toyota Prius with 94 points total, but remains third highest CO2 equivalent.
4. Toyota Mirai – fuel cell stack (⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐)
sneaks into the list is another Toyota, one of the few cars that are for sale with battery of fuel of hydrogen. Its electric motor has 154 HP of power and produces no emissions of CO2 or pollutants, only water vapour. Takes 50 points in pollutant emissions, the maximum.
In terms of CO2-equivalent, 121 grams/km, which remains to be not bad for a car’s relatively heavy, 1.850 kg As takes 43 points in this measurement, the total is 93 points. In Spain is not yet available due to lack of infrastructure for refuelling.
5. Skoda Octavia Combi G-TEC – natural gas (⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐)
The internal combustion still has a lot of future using methane, compressed or CNG. Being a hydrocarbon of very pure toxic emissions are low and the CO2 very contained. With the 1.4 TSI capado 110 HP achieved 122 g/km of CO2 and 43 points in this section.
In regards to the pollutant emissions, 50 points, even better than the Prius on gasoline. Therefore, it is in 93 points, as the Mirai. Its consumption is 4.2 kg of methane every 100 km, and while the pound to 90 cents accounts out very fast. Shame not to be able to refuel at any site…
6. Toyota Yaris – hybrid gasoline (⭐⭐⭐⭐)
Another hybrid strain between the more clean. The Yaris is a small car, used casings very similar to that of the Prius first and second generation, adapted to their size, weight, and site for batteries. With a consumption of 4,8 l/100 km of gasoline and 133 g/km of CO2, gets 39 points in this section.
As the hybrid system 100 HP eliminates the need to use more of the gasoline engine, the pollutant emissions will plummet, you get 49 points out of 50, so the total sum is 88 points. With this model, the need of the Yaris diesel has virtually disappeared.
7. Tesla Model S P90D – electric (⭐⭐⭐⭐)
The saloon has electric most fantastic ever built is not precisely back, even if it hampers your weight -it takes 90 kWh in batteries – and in something influence its huge benefits to having 423 HP. Does not produce contaminating emissions, then takes out 50 points.
In terms of CO2-equivalent, has an electricity consumption of more high, 24 kWh/100 km 139 g/km That gives him 37 points in the measurement of carbon and 87 points in total. As low of 90 points that is equal to 4 stars. Yes, the score is brilliant for a car of that power, weight and size.
8. Suzuki Ignis 1.2 SHV – hybrid gasoline (⭐⭐⭐⭐)
We are faced with an approach that is relatively novel to be offered in a car economic. The system SHV Suzuki is very light, with an electric motor and small battery is also small, however, that homology is only 4.3 l/100 km of gasoline. 90 HP, the same amount of power as declared in the model without hybrid, with a 1.2 petrol with no turbo or direct injection.
According to the ADAC spend a little more, 5,2 l/100 km and 143 g/km of CO2. The score of carbon down to 36, while in pollution brings an outstanding 48, so that the total figure is in 84 points. The merit of this model is its high performance with a cost very small, 800 euros.
9. Mercedes-Benz E 220d 9G-TRONIC – diesel (⭐⭐⭐⭐)
it Might seem that a diesel 194 HP and nearly 1.7 tons has nothing to do with ecology, but it all depends on how good is the engine. In the case of Mercedes-Benz, we are in a good job, because the score on pollutants is maximum, as if it were electric! 50 puntacos.
in Addition, the consumption of diesel is very content, only 5 l/100 km (approvals 3,9) and an equivalent to 159 g/km of CO2. In this aspect, it is left with only 30 points, so that the total is 80 points. It is, according to the ADAC, the diesel cleaner on the market.
10. Mitsubishi Space Star 1.2 ClearTec petrol (⭐⭐⭐⭐)
finally, we have the most light of the entire list, with 920 pounds on the scale and 80 party-goers CV. Its engine is 1.2 Cleartec is not the last word in technology, versions less evolved as were used 10 years ago in the smart forfour and Mitsubishi Colt.
Homology of 4.1 l/100 km of gasoline, but the actual expenditure rather is 5.2 l/100 km and 141 g/km of CO2. In that aspect takes 36 points, and in terms of pollutants, 40 points, total, 76 points. Yes, it seems like a lie, but a diesel of the good can get better grades eco-friendly an atmospheric indirect injection by moving a feather weight.
the exceptions prove the rule.
NOTE: The images correspond to the models that were tested at the time, although they have suffered a restyling later