Citroen C4 Grand Picasso with a measurement system portable emissions (PEMS)
According to the current procedure of approval, New European Driving Cycle (NEDC), the hybrids come out quite benefited because a large part of the route is done with the heat engine switched off. Further note in the plug-in hybrids, where the combustion engine is used even less.
In fact, plug-in hybrids are homologous in two phases. In the first, the batteries are charged, so that the heat engine is used only to overcome a certain speed, and the 110 km/h barely exceeded in the test. In the second, they function as hybrid normal, without much assistance of the batteries.
Result: the approvals are ridiculous. Enough with that let’s look at the following examples:
|Volkswagen Golf GTE||1.6 l/100 km|
|Audi A3 e-tron||1.6 l/100 km|
|Volvo V60 D6 Twin Engine||1.8 l/100 km|
|Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV||1.8 l/100 km|
|BMW 225xe Active Tourer||2.0 l/100 km|
|Mercedes-Benz C 350 e||2.1 l/100 km|
|Volvo XC90 T8 Twin Engine||2.1 l/100 km|
|BMW i8||2.1 l/100 km|
|Mercedes-Benz S 500 e L||at 2.8 l/100 km|
|Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid||3,1 l/100 km|
Yes, it is supposed to only spend that of gasoline, the electric part directly is ignored. Eye, the Volvo V60 has a thermal engine diesel.
These cars not drop below 40,000 euros
do You have set in the ridiculeces that homologous? Normal, the effect of arithmetic is commanding, one will buy them thinking they spend less than a moped, but the reality is different, and depends very much on how many miles you do with the batteries, and how many by burning a conventional fuel.
According to Rinaldo Rinolfi, responsible for development of Fiat Powertrain from 1985 to 2010, plug-in hybrids will be the most harmed by the arrival of the type-approval procedure Real Drive Emissions (RDE). In other words, the consumption and emissions are to be measured on roads, not in laboratories.
as for the conventional hybrids and, yes, we will have to wait also increases, but it depends on the weight of urban traffic and of traffic to the suburban. Normally hybrids can operate without the heat engine at speeds lower than 80 km/h, in the interval would continue providing consumption and zero emissions.
hybrids and plug-in hybrids come out very well standing in the approvals, and, in the Spanish case, do not pay registration tax if homologous less than 5.3 l/100 km of gasoline or 4,6 l/100 km of diesel. In other words, they are below 120 g/km of CO2.
In the event that the approvals should go up to 120 grams, would pay 4.75% more tax. Since we are talking about cars quite expensive, the increase would not be a amount trivial. For example, the Golf GTE (the most economic) costs without taxes € 33,050 (. If we add a around 25.75% tax instead of 21% VAT, the RRP would go up to 41.560 euros. This is an increase from 1570 euros.
In the case of the BMW i8, it hurt more. Of 139.200 euros would be spent 144.664 euros, an increase of 5,464 euros. Surely you will not lose sales in the most expensive cars, but it is an extra amount that is going to raise. In 2015 registered in Spain 19.231 hybrids and plug-in hybrids. are Still little bits of the total market and percentage.
One of the first studies of course, saving gasoline with plug-in hybrids released by Toyota, after analyzing the results of the pilot test with the operator EDF in Strasbourg (France). Declared a saving of 46%. Normal, the car travelled a few miles per charge, these prototypes were not or 25 km of electric range.
But it is not all savings. There are other reasons why the hybrid or plug-in hybrids are very interesting: they will be able to access areas restricted or prohibited for conventional models, as they are supposed to drop well below the level of contamination. If this were to change, more than one might rethink your tastes or on what the money is spent.
what should We do if the lord Rinolfi, or the CEO of Volvo, who claims otherwise? On behalf of mr. Rinolfi we have the prediction that he made in 2005, in which he predicted that diesel would no longer be the favorite choice of europeans from Euro 6. The data are giving you the reason. Estimated that by 2020 the share of diesel will have dropped to 40%, compared to over 60% today.